Wisdom of Life

Invisible in the-City HIAS

This report is the result of a one-year qualitative and quantitative research project conducted by HIAS on  sexual minority refugees in the urban centers of Ecuador, Ghana, Israel, and Kenya. During the course of  the research, interviews were conducted with sexual minority refugees, refugee protection professionals, and  sexual minority civil society organizations.



The report presents the protection gaps facing sexual minority  refugees and asylum seekers and offers recommendations for mitigating these gaps. In all, 66 sexual minority  refugees, asylum seekers and migrants, and 92 representatives of governments, international organizations  and local civil society organizations were interviewed in nine urban locations.

Sexual minority refugees flee their countries of origin due to discrimination, exclusion, and at times, violence  by a myriad of actors, including family, neighbors, coworkers, police, paramilitary forces, and the media.  Some leave primarily due to danger from the violent conflicts in their countries. Persecution on the basis of  sexual orientation or gender identity (SOGI) is often the motivating factor for flight, but is seldom expressed  as such by refugees and asylum seekers themselves.




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