Thousands of lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans and intersex (LGBTI) asylum
seekers apply for international protection in Europe each year. The European Union and European States have already taken some concrete and positive steps, such as recognising sexual orientation as a persecution ground in Article 10 of the Qualification Directive.
Some Member States have also explicitly added gender identity as a persecution ground in their national legislation (Portugal, Spain) or policy documents (Austria, the United Kingdom); the Qualification Directive may well be amended so as to include gender identity. There are cases in which persecuted LGBTI asylum seekers are recognised as refugees, receive subsidiary protection, or are granted another form of protection in Member States of the European Union.